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Chollolan the Sacred City

Updated: Jul 4, 2023


The giants protect the valley, and the sleeping woman covered by a white cape is protected by the fire warrior who roars and smokes powerfully.


To venerate them and the Gods, under the influence of Quetzalcoatl, the Choluteca’s erect temples and buildings, create a city where the divinities descend and reside, to hear requests and receive offerings and praise, the resident Gods thus establishing the majestic city sacred.


Chollolan is impregnated with copal and the harmony emanating from the sounds of the golden shell, in the center of the great square, pilgrims arrive from all corners of the empire of the Triple Alliance, who worship and implore the protection from the benign Quetzalcoatl, the God creator of humanity and the wind. A few chosen ones, go up the stairs from the side, as a symbol of respect, never from the front; they are dressed with garlands, gold necklaces, and plumes of peacock and quetzal feathers, they carry turquoise, jades, and obsidian stones, to deliver to the priests for offering to the Creator God so, that he confirms their divine right to be the kings, in the distant lands of where they come from.


From the top of the majestic pyramid of Quetzalcoatl, the divine, masculine, and feminine energy of Popocatepetl and Iztaciuahlt come together, united by the sun that falls in the west, in the middle of the two colossi. The glow of Tonatiu (sun in Nahuatl) projects its golden light onto the altar, enveloping the ceremony in a mystical and surreal atmosphere of blessings showered on them.


It is said that the Cholutecas were descendants of an ancient lineage of Olmecs and Toltecs, whose worship of Quetzalcoatl avoided human sacrifices as offerings. Chollolan, the sacred city, was governed by a clerical government, conjugated as the highest authority to two high priests the tlálchiach and thequiach, under whose divine order, followed 6 nobles or lords, who governed the people.


Chollolan, the sanctuary, was one of the largest and most important pre-Hispanic cities in Mesoamerica, culturally and economically, it was even revered by the Aztec Triple Imperial Alliance.


After the Spanish conquest, the great temple of Quetzalcoatl was covered; on its top, they built a catholic church dedicated to the "Señora de los Remedios".

Along with a viewpoint terrace, from where you can see the two Cholulas and of course the two volcanoes and their spectacular sunset.


San Andrés and San Pedro Cholula, both towns share an archaeological zone that can be visited from the outside, and inside, lose yourself in a labyrinth of tunnels if you are not afraid of closed and narrow spaces.


Regardless that it was covered and over-built, you can sense the greatness of the Quetzalcoátl pyramid and connect with its sacred character.


This construction is considered the largest volume pyramid in the world!!, even bigger than the pyramid of the sun in Teotihuacan, the Mayan temples, the colossal Quechua constructions of Peru, and, the pyramids of Giza.



In addition to this attraction, the two cities with the name of Cholula, together, are home to around 360 churches and chapels, so it is common for you to hear fireworks, run into a neighborhood party, as well as portals of garlands and flowers on the street.


Cholula's cities are cultural and cosmopolitan, due to tourist attractions, the industrial Puebla corridor, and also because the UDLAP attracts hundreds of students from other parts of the country and the world.


Unmissable: Tunnels and Archaeological Zone, House of the Eagle Knight, Convent of San Gabriel, Concordia Place and Portales de San Pedro, Botanical Garden in San Andrés Cholula, Paso de Cortés, in this one, take into account the Popocatepetl an active volcano, so, check before to go, if you want to be immersed in the nature and energy of the mountains, check out the country hotel Aldea Pachamama, accessed by the dirt road that goes up to Paso de Cortés.


The season of Chile en Nogada is during July and the middle of August.

Get an immersive cultural experience eating this dish In San Nicolás de los Ranchos or Calpan place, both towns are 20 minutes from Cholula's cities.

This richly flavored dish is shrouded in myths regarding its origin, but it is undoubtedly a delight to the palate of Mexican cuisine.



Hotels: Downtown San Pedro has several boutique hotels, and in San Andrés, with a colonial style, the Villas Arqueológicas hotel is a nice option, in addition, you can find corners away from the hustle and bustle such as the Cachito Mio boutique hotel, or the Hotel of the Golf Club La Huerta.


Cholula´s cities are a conurbation with Puebla, the capital of the state with the same name, so, you can enjoy these cities and get to know the recreational-cultural corridor located between Art Park and Atlixcayotl Avenue, where you can visit the Baroque Museum, see some exhibition at the University Cultural Center, or walk through the high passes, which cross the city, as well as access a more commercial but cosmopolitan offer in terms of hotels and restaurants.


And, without a doubt, you can go from the sacred to the mundane, and enjoy a ludic and cultural vacation in the valley of Puebla and its sacred city Cholula.


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